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Rust 2021 edition promises better ‘feel’

Rust 2021, the deliberate third version of the Rust programming language due in October, is predicted to considerably enhance how Rust feels in apply, ensuing from a variety of small adjustments.

In a May 11 bulletin, the Rust 2021 version working group cited adjustments together with a brand new prelude to the usual library, which is the module containing every part mechanically imported in each module. The brand new prelude will repair a problem by which including a trait can subtly break code. This might be finished with three additions:

Additionally in Rust 2021, the brand new function resolver launched in Rust 1.51 in March will grow to be the default. This resolver now not merges all requested options for crates which can be trusted in a number of methods.

Different adjustments within the works for Rust 2021:

  • Closures, nameless capabilities that may mechanically seize something referred to from inside their physique, will solely seize the fields they use. This resolves a programming concern involving the supply of structs.
  • The panic! () macro might be extra constant, now not accepting arbitrary expressions as the one argument.
  • To create space for brand new syntax sooner or later, syntax might be reserved for prefixed identifiers and literals, together with prefix#identifierprefix”string”prefix’c’, and prefix#123, the place prefix could be any identifier. Future prefixes may embrace f”” as a shorthand for a format string, and c”” or z”” for null-terminated C strings. One other chance is ok”key phrase, to permit writing key phrases that don’t exist but.
  • Two present lints, bare-trait-objects and ellipsis-inclusive-range-patterns, will grow to be laborious errors in Rust 2021.

Plans name for Rust 2021 Version adjustments to make it into Rust 1.56.zero, due in October. Editions of Rust function a mechanism to allow the discharge of options that will in any other case be backward incompatible, resembling including a key phrase that will invalidate variables of the identical identify.

Rust editions are opt-in, so present crates don’t see the adjustments till they explicitly migrate over to the brand new version. Crates compiled in a single version will seamlessly interoperate with crates compiled in different editions. The working group seeks to make it simple to improve crates to a brand new version.

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